Un adulte en aquarium
Un Cichla ocellaris adulte en aquarium.Photo de Ad Konings.

Famille
Cichlidae

Sous-famille
Cichlinae

Tribu
Cichlini

Genre
Cichla

Statut
valide


Dernière mise à jour le:
04-janv.-2007

Cichla ocellaris Schneider, 1801


Décrit initialement sous Cichla ocellaris:

ZooBank:0AB9AD36-2215-402F-A110-647F86C4E888.

  • Bloch, Marcus E & J.G. Schneider. 1801. "M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini". Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Systema Ichthyol; i-lx + pp. 1-584 (crc00288) (résumé)

Synonymes (1):

Histoire de nomenclature:

Répartition par pays:

Étymologie: ocellus = diminutive of oculus, eye (Latin); Referring to the eye like spots on the flanks.

Nom commun: Butterfly peacock bass (literature, English).

Diagnose: Distinguished from all other species of Cichla except C. nigromaculata, C. intermedia, C. piquiti, and C. melaniae, by presence of bars 1a and 2a. Lateral band abbreviated in juveniles. Distinguished from other species of Cichla with abbreviated lateral band by lateral line usually continuous vs. discontinuous or nearly always discontinuous in C. orinocensis and C. nigromaculata; scales in E1 row (67-) 70-80 (-82) vs. 84-93 in C. pleiozona; occipital bar absent or indistinct vs. emphasized in adults of C. monoculus, C. kelberi, and C. pleiozona; abdominal blotches present vs. absent in C. orinocensis; vertical bars present at adult size, vs. three midlateral ocellated blotches in C. orinocensis, except that an ocellated blotch consistently formed in dorsal portion of bar 3; absence of small black blotches on dorsum, vs. present in C. nigromaculata; vertical bars about equally wide across side, vs. wide, occasionally confluent dorsally, and tapering ventrad in C. nigromaculata, C. monoculus, C. kelberi, and C. pleiozona. Distinguished from C. intermedia, C. piquiti, and C. melaniae by abbreviated vs. complete juvenile lateral band, less scales in E1 row (67-82 vs. (78) 83-108), and presence of ocellated blotch in dorsal portion of bar 3 vs. absence (Kullander & Ferreira, 2006).

Localité type: Indian Ocean [in fact is Suriname, South America].

Distribution: French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, and Brazil, in the Marowijne, Suriname, Saramacca, Nickerie, Corantijn, Berbice, Essequibo, and Branco drainages (Kullander & Ferreira, 2006).

Conservation: Cichla ocellaris n'est pas évalué par l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature dans la Liste rouge des espèces menacées.

Références (4):

  • Bloch, Marcus E & J.G. Schneider. 1801. "M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini". Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Systema Ichthyol; i-lx + pp. 1-584 (crc00288) (résumé)
  • Kullander, Sven & Efrem J. G. Ferreira. 2006. "A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species (Teleostei: Cichlidae)". Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters. v. 17; n. 4; pp. 289-398 (crc01337)
  • Kullander, Sven & H. Nijssen. 1989. "The Cichlids of Surinam (Teleostei: Labroidei)". E. J. Brill, Leiden. Cichlids Surinam. i-xxxii + pp. 1-256 (crc00290)
  • Müller, J. & F. H. Troschel. 1849. "Fische". Reisen in Britisch-Guiana in den Jahren 1840-44 Im Auftrag Sr. Mäjestat des Königs von Preussen ausgeführt von Richard Schomburgk.. pp. 618-644 (crc00030)

Catalogues externes: Catalog of Fishes, Encyclopedia of Life, FishBase, ZooBank.