Original description as Paratilapia calliura:
- Boulenger, George Albert. 1901. "Diagnoses of new fishes discovered by Mr. J. E. S. Moore in lakes Tanganyika and Kivu". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (Ser. 7) pp. 1-6 (crc00034)
Conservation: Reganochromis calliurus is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2006). Widespread distribution so the localized threats identified are unlikely to impact on the entire population.