Cichlid Room Companion

Focus Central America

Checklist of genera and species

By , 2007.
Last updated on 20-Jan-2007

Michi Tobler, 2005

The following list of genera and species is based on the Chapter "Family Cichlidae (Cichlids) by Sven O. Kullander" of the "Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America, edited by R. E. Reis, S. O. Kullander & C. J. Ferraris Jr."

The lists includes not only the names of genera and species currently regarded as valid, but also all known synonyms. There are some differences to the current version of the species catalogue of the CRC regarding the validity of certain genera and species as well as the generia assignment of individual species. Please refer to the comments section of Focus Central America for the details in these controversial cases.

The Genus Amphilophus

Amphilophus Agassiz, 1859 (Amphilophus froebelii Agassiz, 1859)
Astatheros Pellegrin, 1904 (Heros (Cichlasoma) heterodontus (Pellegrin, 1904)
Erythrichthus Meek, 1907 (Heros citrinellus Günther, 1864)
Curraichthys Fernandez-Yepez, 1969 (Heros lobochilus Günther, 1868)

Species:

Amphilophus alfari (Meek, 1907)
Cichlasoma alfari Meek, 1907
Cichlasoma lethrinus Regan, 1908
Cichlasoma bouchellei Fowler, 1923

Amphilophus amarillo Stauffer & McKaye, 2002

Amphilophus altifrons (Kner & Steindachner, 1863)
Heros altifrons Kner & Steindachner, 1863

Amphilophus bussingi Loiselle, 1997

Amphilophus calobrensis (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913)
Cichlasoma calobrense Meek & Hildebrand, 1913

Amphilophus citrinellus (Günther, 1864)
Heros citrinellus Günther, 1864
Heros basilaris Gill in Gill & Bransford, 1877
Cichlasoma granadense Meek, 1907

Amphilophus diquis (Bussing, 1974)
Cichlasoma diquis Bussing, 1974

Amphilophus hagaboomorum (Carr & Giovannoli, 1950)
Cichlasoma hagaboomorum Carr & Giovannoli, 1950

Amphilophus labiatus (Günther, 1864)
Amphilophus froebelii Agassiz, 1859
Heros labiatus Günther, 1964
Heros erythraeus Günther, 1866
Heros lobochilus Günther, 1866
Cichlasoma dorsatum Meek, 1907)

Amphilophus longimanus (Günther, 1866)
Heros longimanus Günther, 1866
Cichlasoma popenoei Carr & Giovannoli, 1950

Amphilophus lyonsi (Gosse, 1966)
Cichlasoma lyonsi Gosse, 1966

Amphilophus macracanthus (Günther, 1864)
Heros macracanthus Günther, 1864
Heros (Cichlasoma) heterodontus Vaillant & Pellegrin, 1902
Cichlasoma evermanni Meek, 1904
Cichlasoma meeki Hildebrand, 1925
Cichlasoma guija Hildebrand, 1934

Amphilophus margaritifer (Günther, 1862)
Heros margaritifer Günther, 1862

Amphilophus nourissati (Allgayer, 1989)
Theraps nourissati Allgayer, 1989

Amphilophus rhytisma (López, 1983)
Cichlasoma rhytisma López, 1983

Amphilophus robertsoni (Regan, 1905)
Cichlasoma robertsoni Regan, 1905
Cichlasoma acutum Miller, 1907

Amphilophus rostratus (Gill, 1877)
Heros rostratus Gill in Gill & Bransford, 1877

Amphilophus sagittae Stauffer & McKaye, 2002

Amphilophus xiloaensis Stauffer & McKaye, 2002

Amphilophus zaliosus (Barlow, 1974)
Cichlasoma zaliosum Barlow, 1974



The Genus Archocentrus

Archocentrus Gill in Gill & Bransford,1877 (Heros centrarchus Gill in Gill & Bransford, 1877)
Cryptoheros Allgayer, 2001 (Heros spilurus Günther, 1862)

Species:

Archocentrus altoflavus (Allgayer, 2001)
Cryptoheros altoflavus Allgayer, 2001

Archocentrus centrarchus (Gill, 1877)
Heros centrarchus Gill in Gill & Branford, 1877

Archocentrus myrnae Loiselle, 1997

Archocentrus nanoluteus Allgayer, 1994

Archocentrus nigrofasciatus (Günther, 1866)
Heros nigrofasciatus Günther, 1866

Archocentrus panamensis (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913)
Neetroplus panamensis Meek & Hildebrand, 1913

Archocentrus sajica (Bussing, 1974)
Cichlasoma sajica Bussing, 1974

Archocentrus septemfasciatus (Regan, 1908)
Cichlasoma septemfasciatum Regan, 1908

Archocentrus spilurus (Günther, 1862)
Heros spilurus Günther, 1862
Cichlasoma cutteri Fowler, 1932

Archocentrus spinosissimus (Vaillant & Pellegrin, 1902)
Heros (Cichlasoma) spinosissimus Vaillant & Pellegrin, 1902
Cichlasoma spinosissimus var. immaculata Pellegrin, 1904



The Genus Herichthys

Herichthys Baird & Girard, 1854 (Herichthys cyanoguttatus Baird & Girard, 1854)

Species:

Herichthys bartoni (Bean, 1892)
Acara bartoni Bean, 1892

Herichthys carpintis (Jordan & Snyder, 1900)
Neetroplus carpintis Jordan & Snydeer, 1900
Heros teporatus Fowler, 1903
Heros laurae Regan, 1908

Herichthys cyanoguttatus Baird & Girard, 1854
Heros pavonaceus Garman, 1881
Parapetenia cyanostigma Hernández-Rolón, 1990

Herichthys deppii (Heckel, 1840)
Heros deppii Heckel, 1840
Heros montezuma Heckel, 1840

Herichthys labridens (Pellegrin, 1903)
Heros (Cichlasoma) labridens Pellegrin, 1903

Herichthys minckleyi (Kornfield & Taylor, 1983)
Cichlasoma minckleyi Kornfield & Taylor, 1983

Herichthys pantostictus (Taylor & Miller, 1983)
Cichlasoma pantostictum Taylor & Miller, 1983

Herichthys steindachneri (Jordan & Snyder, 1900)
Cichlasoma steinachneri Jordan & Snyder, 1900

Herichthys tamasopoensis Artigas Azas, 1993



The Genus Herotilapia

Herotilapia Pellegrin, 1904 (Heros multispinosus Günther, 1867)

Species:

Herotilapia multispinosa (Günther, 1866)
Heros multispinosus Günther, 1867



The Genus Hypsophrys

Hypsophrys Agassiz, 1859 (Hypsophrys unimaculatus Agassiz, 1859)
Copora Fernandez-Yepez, 1969 (Heros nicaraguensis Günther, 1864)

Species:

Hypsophrys nicaraguensis (Günther, 1864)
Hypsophrys unimaculatus Agassiz, 1859
Heros nicaraguensis Günther, 1864
Heros balteatus Gill in Gill & Bransford, 1877
Cichlasoma spilotum Meek, 1912



The Genus Nandopsis

Nandopsis Gill, 1862 (Chromis tetracanthus Poey [=Centrarchus tetracanthus Valenciennes, 1831])
Parapetenia Regan, 1905 (Acara adspersa Günther, 1862)

Species:

Nandopsis haitiensis (Tee-Van, 1935)
Cichlasoma haitiensis Tee-Van, 1935

Nandopsis tetracanthus (Valenciennes, 1831)
Centrarchus tetracanthus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1831
Chromis fusco-maculata Guichenot, 1853
Acara adspersa Günther, 1862
Heros tetracanthus cinctus Eigenmann, 1903
Heros tetracanthus latus Eigenmann, 1903
Heros tetracanthus griseus Eigenmann, 1903
Heros tetracanthus torralbasi Eigenmann, 1903
Heros nigricans Eigenmann, 1903

Nandopsis vombergi (Ladiges, 1938)
Cichlasoma vombergi Ladiges, 1938



The Genus Neetroplus

Neetroplus Günther, 1867 (Neetroplus nematopus Günther, 1867)

Species:

Neetroplus nematopus Günther, 1867
Neetroplus nicaraguensis Gill in Gill & Bransford, 1877
Neetroplus fluviatilis Meek, 1912



The Genus Parachromis

Parachromis Agassiz, 1859 (Parachromis gulosus [=Heros managuensis Günther, 1867])

Species:

Parachromis dovii (Günther, 1864)
Heros dovii Günther, 1864

Parachromis friedrichsthalii (Heckel, 1840)
Heros friedrichthalii Heckel, 1840
Cichlasoma multifasciatum Regan, 1905

Parachromis loisellei (Bussing, 1989)
Cichlasoma loisellei Bussing, 1989

Parachromis managuensis (Günther, 1862)

Parachromis gulosus Agassiz, 1859
Heros managuensis Günther, 1862

Parachromis montaguensis (Günther, 1866)
Heros montaguensis Günther, 1866



The Genus Paraneetroplus

Paraneetroplus Regan, 1905 (Paraneetroplus bulleri Regan, 1905)

Species:

Paraneetroplus bulleri Regan, 1905

Paraneetroplus gibbiceps (Steindachner, 1864)
Heros gibbiceps Steindachner, 1864
Cichlasoma teapae Evermann & Goldsborough, 1902

Paraneetroplus omonti Allgayer, 1988

Paraneetroplus nebulifer (Günther, 1860)
Chromis nebulifera Günther, 1860
Cichlasoma eigenmanni Meek, 1902



The Genus Petenia

Petenia Günther, 1862 (Petenia splendida Günther, 1862)

Species:

Petenia splendida Günther, 1862



The Genus Theraps

Theraps Günther, 1862 (Theraps irregularis Günther, 1862)

Species:

Theraps coeruleus Stawikowski & Werner, 1987

Theraps irregularis Günther, 1862
Theraps belone Allgayer, 1989

Theraps lentiginosus (Steindachner, 1864)
Heros lentiginosus Steindachner, 1864
Theraps rheophilus Seegers & Staeck, 1985

Theraps wesseli Miller, 1996



The Genus Thorichthys

Thorichthys Meek, 1904 (Thorichthys ellioti Meek, 1904)

Species:

Thorichthys affinis (Günther, 1862)
Heros affinis Günther, 1862

Thorichthys aureus (Günther, 1862)
Heros aureus Günther, 1862

Thorichthys callolepis (Regan, 1904)
Heros (Heros) callolepis Regan, 1904

Thorichthys ellioti Meek, 1904
Heros maculipinnis Steindachner, 1864

Thorichthys helleri (Steindachner, 1864)
Heros helleri Steindachner, 1864
Cichlasoma champotonis Hubbs, 1936

Thorichthys meeki Brind, 1918
Throchthys helleri meeki Brind, 1918
Cichlasoma hyorhynchum Hubb, 1935

Thorichthys pasionis (Rivas, 1962)
Cichlasoma pasionis Rivas, 1962

Thorichthys socolofi (Miller & Taylor, 1984)
Cichlasoma socolofi Miller & Taylor, 1984



The Genus Tomocichla

Tomocichla Regan, 1908 (Tomocichla underwoodi Regan, 1908)

Species:

Tomocichla asfraci Allgayer, 2002

Tomocichla sieboldii (Kner, 1863)
Heros sieboldii Kner, 1863
Herichthys underwoodi Regan, 1906
Cichlasoma punctatum Meek, 1909
Cichlasoma frontale Meek, 1909
Theraps terrabae Jordan & Evermann, 1927

Tomocichla tuba (Meek, 1912)
Tomocichla underwoodi Regan, 1908
Cichlasoma tuba Meek, 1912



The Genus Vieja

Vieja Fernandez-Yepez, 1969 (Vieja panamensis Fernandez-Yepez, 1969)
Chuco Fernandez-Yepez, 1969 (Cichlasoma milleri Meek, 1907)
Paratheraps Werner & Stawikowski, 1989 (Paratheraps beidohri)

Species:

Vieja argentea Allgayer, 1991

Vieja bifasciata (Steindachner, 1864)
Heros bifasciatus Steindachner, 1864

Vieja breidohri (Werner & Stawikowski, 1987)
Paratheraps breidohri Werner & Stawikowski, 198

Vieja fenestrata (Günther, 1860)
Chromis fenestrata Günther, 1860
Heros parma Günther, 1862
Cichlasoma sexfasciatum Regan, 1905
Cichlasoma gadovii Regan, 1905

Vieja godmanni (Günther, 1862)
Heros godmanni Günther, 1862

Vieja guttulata (Günther, 1864)
Heros guttulatus Günther, 1864

Vieja hartwegi (Taylor & Miller, 1980)
Cichlasoma hartwegi Taylor & Miller, 1980

Vieja heterospila (Hubbs, 1936)
Cichlasoma heterospilum Hubbs, 1936

Vieja intermedia (Günther, 1862)
Heros intermedius Günther, 1862
Heros angulifer Günther, 1862
Acara rectangularis Steindachner, 1864

Vieja maculicauda (Regan, 1905)
Cichlosoma maculicauda Regan, 1905
Cichlasoma globosum Miller, 1907
Cichlasoma nigritum Meek, 1907
Cichlasoma mañana Miller, 1907
Vieja panamensis Fernandez-Yepez, 1969

Vieja melanurus (Günther, 1862)
Heros melanurus Günther, 1862
Heros melanopogon Steindachner, 1864

Vieja microphthalmus (Günther, 1862)
Heros microphthalmus Günther, 1862
Heros oblongus Günther, 1866
Cichlasoma güntheri Pellegrin, 1904
Cichlasoma milleri Meek, 1907
Cichlasoma caeruleogula Fowler, 1935

Vieja regani (Miller, 1974)
Cichlasoma regani Miller, 1974

Vieja synspila (Hubbs, 1935)
Cichlasoma synspilum Hubbs, 1935
Cichlaurus hicklingi Fowler, 1956

Vieja tuyrensis (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913)
Cichlasoma tuyrense Meek & Hildebrand, 1913

Vieja zonata (Meek, 1905)
Cichlasoma zonatum Meek, 1905



Species incertae sedis

'Cichlasoma' aguadae Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus aguadae Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' alborum Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus alborum Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' amarum Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus amarum Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' beani (Jordan, 1889)
Heros beani Jordan, 1889

'Cichlasoma' bocourti (Vaillant & Pellegrin, 1902)
Neetroplus bocourti Vaillant & Pellegring, 1902

'Cichlasoma' cienagae Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus cienagae Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' conchitae Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus conchitae Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' ericymba Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus ericymba Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' geddesi (Regan, 1905)
Herichthys geddesi Regan, 1905

'Cichlasoma' grammodes Taylor & Miller, 1980

'Cichlasoma' istlanum (Jordan & Snyder, 1899)
Heros istlanus Jordan & Snyder, 1899
Heros mentoVaillant & Pellegrin, 1902
Cichlasoma (Parapetenia) leonhard-schultzei Ahl, 1935
Cichlasoma istlana fusca de Buen, 1946

'Cichlasoma' mayorum Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus mayorum Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' octofasciatum (Regan, 1903)
Heros octofasciatus Regan, 1903
Cichlosoma hedricki Meek, 1904
Cichlosoma biocellatum Regan, 1909

'Cichlasoma' pearsei (Hubbs, 1936)
Herichthys pearseri Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' ramsdeni Fowler, 1938

'Cichlasoma' salvini (Günther, 1862)
Heros salvini Günther, 1862
Heros triagramma Steindachner, 1864
Cichlasoma tenue Meek, 1906

'Cichlasoma' stenozonum Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus stenozonum Hubbs, 1936

'Cichlasoma' trimaculatum (Günther, 1866)
Heros trimaculatus Günther, 1866
Cichlasoma mojarra Meek, 1904
Cichlasoma centrale Meek, 1906
Cichlasoma gordon-smithi Fowler, 1935
Cichlasoma cajali Alvarez & Gutierrez, 1952

'Cichlasoma' troschelii (Steindachner, 1867)
Heros troschelii Steindachner, 1867

'Cichlasoma' ufermanni (Allgayer, 2002)
Vieja ufermanni Allgayer, 2002

'Cichlasoma' urophthalmus (Günther, 1862)
Heros urophthalmus Günther, 1862
Cichlasoma urophthalmus trispilum Hubbs, 1935

'Cichlasoma' zebra Hubbs, 1936
Cichlasoma urophthalmus zebra Hubbs, 1936

Citation:

Tobler, Michi. (January 20, 2007). "Checklist of genera and species". Cichlid Room Companion. Retrieved on May 24, 2019, from: https://www.cichlidae.com/section.php?id=4.