The Cichlid Room Companion

Elenco dei Generi

Julidochromis


Julidochromis dickfeldi
dickfeldi

Julidochromis marksmithi
marksmithi

Julidochromis marlieri
marlieri

Julidochromis ornatus
ornatus

Julidochromis regani
regani

Julidochromis transcriptus
transcriptus

Famiglia
Cichlidae

Sottofamiglia
Pseudocrenilabrinae

Tribu
Lamprologini

Genere
Julidochromis

Stato
valid


Curatore

Pubblicato:

Ultimo aggiornamento in data:
21-Dic-2004

Adult at Cape Kachese
Julidochromis dickfeldi adult at Cape Kachese, Lake Tanganyika [Zambia].Foto di Ad Konings. determinatore Pam Chin Clicca per ingrandire

Julidochromis dickfeldi Staeck, 1975


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" Is Julidochromis dickfeldi really a Julie? "
Julidochromis dickfeldi male in the aquarium
Julidochromis dickfeldi male from Zambia in the aquarium of Patrick Tawil [France]
Julidochromis dickfeldi adult at Moliro, Lake Tanganyika [Democratic Republic of Congo]
Julidochromis dickfeldi adult from Zambia in the aquarium of Patrick Tawil [France]
Julidochromis dickfeldi adult at Cape Kachese, Lake Tanganyika [Zambia]
Julidochromis dickfeldi adult at Katete, Lake Tanganyika [Zambia]

Descrizione originale come Julidochromis dickfeldi:

  • Staeck, Wolfgang. 1975. "A new cichlid fish from Lake Tanganyika: Julidochromis dickfeldi sp. n. (Pisces, Cichlidae)". Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines. v. 89(n. 4), pp. 981-986 (crc00115)

Evoluzione tassonomica:

  • Julidochromis dickfeldi, Staeck, 1975, combinazione originale.

Diagnosi: The nose is more pointed, there is a blue sheen over the body, and a distinct pattern in the dorsal and caudal fins.

Dimensione: males 4" (10 cm) females 3" (7 cm).

Dimorfismo sessuale: Dickfeldi is difficult to sex by coloration but typically the males are larger then females.

Nomi comuni: Dickfeld's Julie (US).

Località tipo: Sumbu National Park region, Lake Tanganyika, Zambia.

Distribuzione: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika, and only found in the South West part of the lake, between Kapampa and Ndole (Konings, 1998).

Paesi abitati: Zambia (native).

Habitat: They prefer the rocky habitat, and found at depths of 5 - 20 meters, temperature between 23 - 27 degrees C., 7.8- 9.5 pH, water very hard that is highly oxygenated, algae is the only vegetation present. (Konings, 2002).

Località: Cape Kachese (Zambia, natale), Katete (Zambia, natale), Moliro (Repubblica Democratica del Congo, natale).

Alimentazione: They are consistently listed with a diet of invertebrates, but also eat small snails. Algae is also ingested as they are picking foods off the rocky habitat and sponges. (Konings, 1998).

Riproduzione: Breed year round, a cave brooder that produces small clutches of fry, numbering around 35 - 50. Bi-parental care of eggs and fry until it is time to spawn again, and the fry are gently pushed away from the breeding area.

Aquariofilia: Raise the juveniles in larger community tanks, of 220 liters (60 gallons) or more, with other Tanganyikan Cichlids around the same size. Allowing them to pair off naturally, confirmed pairs can then be removed to a smaller aquariums for breeding purposes. Pairs are easily housed in 40 - 80 liters (10 - 20 gallon) tanks, as the fry rearing and fry removal is more efficient in smaller aquaria. Fry and adults do well on freshly hatched baby brine shrimp, and a cichlid staple flake or pellet. Water changes should be frequent, and a pH of 8.5 or higher is best.

Conservazione: Julidochromis dickfeldi è valutata dalle organizzazioni internazionali di salvaguardia delle specie a rischio come (LC) basso rischio (2006). The habitat is stable at the moment.

Commenti: Is Julidochromis dickfeldi really a Julie? They are only found in the rocky habitat in the southwest part of the lake, and feed like Chalinochromis popelini. It has a different body shape from the other Julies, with more of a pointed nose. It has a wonderful blue sheen in the body as well as blue fringing on the dorsal and tail. The dorsal fin appears larger than in the other Julies while the 3 horizontal stripes are more intense than in ornatus. Dickfeldi seem to fall in between the giants Julies (J. regani and J. marlieri) and the dwarf Julies (J. transcriptus and J. ornatus) and usually are around 10 cm. (4 inches), the males are typically larger than females.

Referenze (3):

Citazione:

Chin, Pam. (Dicembre 21, 2004). "Julidochromis dickfeldi Staeck, 1975". The Cichlid Room Companion. URL consultato in data Dicembre 22, 2014, da: http://www.cichlidae.com/species.php?id=441.