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Tribe Ectodini

Synopsis of Cardiopharynx Poll, 1942

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Ultimo aggiornamento in data 25-Ott-2005
Thomas Andersen, 2005

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Specie trattati in questo articolo: Cardiopharynx schoutedeni

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Type species: Cardiopharynx schoutedeni Poll, 1942

Adult in aquarium

Cardiopharynx schoutedeni male in the aquarium. Photo by Ad Konings. Determiner Ad Konings

Distinctive characters:

Species currently included:

Cardiopharynx schoutedeni Poll, 1942

Type locality:

Usumbura (Bujumbura), Burundi.

Taxonomic history:



Link to Cardiopharynx schoutedeni in the CRC Catalogue.

Remarks on taxonomic status:

In 1983 P. H. Greenwood transferred Cardiopharynx to Cyathopharynx and regarded the former a junior synonym of the latter, because of the heart-shaped lower pharyngeal bone they have in common. This feature can also found in cichlids from outside Lake Tanganyika as stated by Poll (1986), and therefore cannot be seen as a unique character uniting all species possessing it into a single genus.

Sturmbauer & Meyer´s molecular analyses (1993) showed that Cardiopharynx may form a subclade together with Cyathopharynx and Ophthalmotilapia in the Ophthalmotilapia-clade, which also consists of the genera Ectodus, Lestradea, Cunningtonia and Aulonocranus. This has been confirmed by a recent molecular work, which has also shown that Cardiopharynx schoutedeni either is the most ancestral branch in this subclade or form the sister group of Ophthalmotilapia boops and O. nasuta (Koblmüller et al. 2004).

Referenze (5):


Andersen, Thomas. (Ottobre 25, 2005). "Synopsis of Cardiopharynx Poll, 1942". The Cichlid Room Companion. URL consultato in data Marzo 30, 2015, da: http://www.cichlidae.com/section.php?id=88.