Ergün, Sebahattin & Derya Güroy, Haluk Tekeşoğlu, Betül Güroy, İhsan Çelik, A. Adem Tekinay, Musa Bulut; 2010; "Optimum Dietary Protein Level for Blue Streak Hap, Labidochromis caeruleus"; Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences; v.10: pp.27-31.
An experiment was designed to determine the optimum dietary protein level of a freshwater ornamental fish, Blue streak hap (Labidochromis caeruleus). Four isocaloric fish meal based diets ranging from 30% to 45% in protein were fed to triplicate groups of Blue streak hap for 8 weeks. Fish (initial weight, 0.85 g) were reared in twelve 50 L aquarium with biological filter and controlled temperature (27.5°C), in stocking density of ten fish/aquarium. Results showed that dietary protein level significantly influenced final weight, weight gain and specific growth rate of fish. Maximum growth of fish was observed in the 40% protein diet, although this was not significantly different from the 35% and 45% protein diets (P>0.05). Specific growth rate and feed efficiency increased from 30% to 40% protein, and thereafter decreased for diet 45% protein. There were statistically significantly differences in feed intake among treatments (P<0.05). Fish fed with the highest protein diet had lower percentage daily feed consumption values than those of fish fed with the lowest protein diet. Under the experimental conditions applied, juvenile blue streak hap, L. Caeruleus, appear to require more than 35% dietary protein for optimized growth.