Willem Heijns wrote:1. Was the Principle of Binominal Nomenclature included in the Code that was current at the time (1959) and how was it formulated?
2. If I were to publish the name Australoheros Schindleri HEIJNS 2011 (note the upper-case letter!) would that name be available?
3. Do you know of a species group name (starting with an upper-case letter) published after 1961 that was accepted as available?
4. Can an available name become unavailable because of changes in the Code after its publication?
Willem Heijns wrote:until 1931: species group names starting with an upper-case letter (after a personal name) were allowed;
1931 - 1985 said names are no longer allowed and are to be treated as incorrect spellings
as of 1985: species group names starting with an upper case letter are not available, according to the Principle of Binominal Nomenclature (art. 5.1).
Mark Smith wrote: 5.1 doesn't directly say that such a name would immediately be invalid, does it?
Willem Heijns wrote:Article 11: To be available a name must satisfy the following provisions:
Article 11.4: The author must have consistently applied the Principle of Binominal Nomenclature (article 5.1)
Article 5.1: The generic name must begin with an upper-case letter and the specific name must begin with a lower-case letter.
From these provisons in the current Code I can only conclude that the name Australoheros Schindleri HEIJNS 2011 is not available, because it violates article 5.1.
Willem Heijns wrote:Can you please explain to me why this should not be the case and on which articles in the Code you have based your opinion?
Precision and consistency in the use of terms are essential to a code of nomenclature. The meanings given to terms used in this Code are those shown in the Glossary. Both this Preamble and the Glossary are integral parts of the Code's provisions.
Principle of Binominal Nomenclature, n.
The principle that the scientific name of a species, and not of a taxon at any other rank, is a
combination of two names (a binomen, q.v.); the use of a trinomen (q.v.) for the name of a
subspecies and of uninominal names for taxa above the species group is in accord with the
Principle. See Articles 5, 11.4.
Amado et al. 2011 wrote:Although the type locality of Symphysodon aequifasciatus haraldi Schultz, 1960 (USNM 00179829) was reported as Benjamin Constant, this is highly doubtful based on several lines of evidence and material discussed in Bleher and Géry, leading Bleher and Géry to propose Lake Berurí of the lower Purus River system as the correct type locality for Schultz's type. If Schultz's type (USNM 00179829) really originated from Lake Berurí in the lower Purus River system, the revisions of Ready et al. and Bleher et al. can be viewed as largely non-contradictory; however, ultimately the true type locality of Schultz's type is unknowable at this point in time.
Thanks, Willem. Good to know.Willem Heijns wrote:And the next chapter has also been written (on (part of) the classfication). It appeared in Cichlidae (Journ. NVC) 37 (5): 23-28.
Willem Heijns wrote:Whether the Blue and Brown Discus should be united into one species is a matter of debate. If that were to happen the valid scientific name would be Symphysodon haraldi.
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